German Shepherd

The German shepherd dog also falls in the category of the working dogs and is one of the large size breeds. Quite intelligent these dogs were initially bred in Germany with the purpose to guard a shepherd’s flock. Fond of an active lifestyle the breed proves to be a perfect companion.


The first German shepherd dogs were bred by Max Von Stephanitz. He noticed that there were many different breeds of the same and if he could merge and create one standard breed that would be great. In 1889 Stephanitz bought a shepherd dog which would match his ideal and then went on to create breeds with that dog as the genetic basis.  Later that year the Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde (Society for the German shepherd dog) was formed by Stephanitz and Artur Meyer.


German shepherd dog has two coats; the undercoat is thick while the outer coat is wavy or straight and dense. The hair which is mostly tan and black or red and black in color is medium in size. All year long the German shepherd dog sheds its hair. In proportion to its height, the German shepherd’s body is long averaging about 22 -26 inches long. It is for this reason that this breed has the most agile, strong and flexible dogs.


German shepherd dogs are very protective of their families and they would always maintain a suspicious mood in front of any strangers who come visiting. Normally it has a friendly relationship with the other pets in the family though it might be aggressive and dominating towards other dogs. The German shepherd is considered to be nearly perfect when it comes to executing the tasks allotted to it.

Taking care

German shepherds usually love staying outdoors especially if the weather is pleasant or temperate. However, it may also be open to staying indoors. Since the dog sheds its hair almost throughout the year it is crucial that you brush its coat once or twice a week. This would reduce the amount of hair that it sheds and control the waste in your home.

Ailments and health

An average German shepherd dog has a lifespan of anywhere between 10-12 years. During this time it can face ailments like Elbow dysplasia, Canine hip dysplasia, cauda equina, malignant neoplasms, hot spots, skin allergies, and cataract and perianal fistulas. German shepherd also falls prey to a severe infection caused by the Aspergillus Mold. Since they are so prone to falling sick they need routine checkups with a vet.


The German shepherd breed needs socialization and puppy training classes so that it grows up into a well-behaved adult dog. This breed is an intelligent worker and therefore it proves to be a good companion too. If you consistently give him positive training the results you receive would be amazing. Try and raise him as a part of the household and give him activities where he can mix up with the family. Quite close to his loved ones you would be surprised at the amount of affection you receive from him.